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How to: APA style- Resources: Reference List

APA How-to

General Information

Alphabetize your reference list by the first word of the citation (usually the author's last name).

Double space all of the citations on your reference page.

Indent the second & following lines of the citation 5-7 spaces.  

For 2-6 authors: Wingert, P., Smith, J., & Brown, P.

For 6 or more authors: Provide only the first author followed by a comma and et al. For example: Wingert, P., et al.

Only capitalize the first word of the document title. If there is a colon in the title, capitalize the first word after the colon.

Italicize the title of the magazine or journal.  Also italicize the volume number - but do not italicize the issue number.

Vol., issue, and pages may not always be available on Internet sources.  If they are not used, the name of the journal is all that can be provided in the reference list.

No Date: Use n.d. (no date) when a publication date is not available.

URL: Break a URL that goes to another line after a slash or before a period.

Reference List Example


Burford, J.A. (2000). Affirmative action benefits the workplace. In B.J.

       Grapes (Ed.), Affirmative Action. Retrieved from

Half empty half full. (2000). Orlando, FL: Harcourt.

Hall, T. (2008, February 24). IQ scores are up. New York Times, pp. F1, F5. 

Hallin, D.C. (2008). Sound bite news. Journal of Communication, 42(2), 5-24.

Health disparities. (2004). Retrieved from Maryland Nursing

       Association website:

Henriques, D.B. (2003, June 29). Still testing Wall St.'s ceiling. New York

       Times, p. B2. Retrieved from

Hoar, W.P. (2004). Benign discrimination? New American, 19(9), 42-44.


Hooker, R. (2004). Early japanese visual arts. In Encyclopedia Britannica Online.

       Retrieved from

Krupp, F., (2008). Earth, the sequel: The race to reinvent energy and stop

       global warming. New York: W.W. Norton & Co.

Lavelle, M. (2008, June 11). Behind the teen birth decline. U.S. News &

       World Report, 63-65.

Pear, R. (2008, January 18). Growth of genetic tests. New York Times. Retrieved

Seiber, R. (2002). Visual arts of black Africa. Encyclopedia Americana. (11th ed., Vol. 1

       pp. 284-288). Danbury, CT: Grolier.

Smith, J. (2004). Western painting. In Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Retrieved from

Visual arts of black Africa. (2002). Encyclopedia Americana. (11th ed., Vol. 1, pp. 284-288.

       Danbury, CT: Grolier.

White, K.M. (2004). Health disparities. Retrieved from Maryland Nursing

       Association website: http//

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