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How to: APA style- Resources: Opposing Viewpoints

APA How-to

General Information

Articles from Databases:  In general, when you cite an article from a database, the format is the same as for a print article. Add informaton about the database used and date retrieved to the end of the citation. If no page numbers are available, use n. pag.

Alphabetize your reference list by the first word of the citation (usually the author's last name).           

Double space all of the citations on your reference page.

Indent the second & following lines of the citation 5-7 spaces.  

For 2-6 authors: Wingert, P., Smith, J., & Brown, P.

For 6 or more authors: Provide only the first author followed by a comma and et al. For example: Wingert, P., et al.

Only capitalize the first word of the document title. If there is a colon in the title, capitalize the first word after the colon.

Italicize the title of the magazine or journal.  Also italicize the volume number - but do not italicize the issue number.

Do not include a period after the URL.

No retrieval date is needed.

Newspaper Articles


Last Name, First Initial(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of article.  Name of Newspaper,

       Page(s). Eetrieved from URL of newspaper home page


Henriques, D.B. (2003, June 29). Still testing St.'s ceiling. New York Times, p. B2.

       Retrieved from

Viewpoint Essays from Books

Linked under the "Viewpoints" tab on the Opposing Viewpoints results list.  

NOTE: First name in citation is the author of the essay and second name is the editor of the book.


Last Name, First Initial(s). (Year). Title of essay. In First Name Last Name (Ed.), 

       TItle of Book. (Page(s)). Retrieved from URL of book publisher.


Buford, J.A. (2000). Affirmative action benefits the workplace. In B.J.Grapes (Ed.),

       Affirmative Action. Retrieved from

Magazine Articles


Last Name, First Initial(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of article.  Title of Magazine, Page(s).

       Retrieved from URL of magazine home page


Winegart, P. (2003, October 14). Education: Legislating legacies. Newsweek, 10.

       Retrieved from

Journal Articles


Last Name, First Initial(s). (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Vol.(Issue), Page(s).

       Retrieved from URL of journal homepage.


Hoar,  W. (2005). Benign discrimination. Horizons, 17(1), 48. Retrieved


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