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How to: APA style- Resources: Internet Sources

APA How-to

General Information

Internet Sources are difficult to cite because the information available is not consistent. When creating your citation, follow the citation guidelines and use as much information as you have.  

Alphabetize your reference list by the first word of the citation (usually the author's last name).

Double space all of the citations on your reference page.

Indent the second & following lines of the citation 5-7 spaces.  

For 2-6 authors: Wingert, P., Smith, J., & Brown, P.

For more than 6 authors: Provide only the first author followed by a comma and et al. For example: Wingert, P., et al.

Only capitalize the first word of the document title. If there is a colon in the title, capitalize the first word after the colon.

Vol., issue, and pages may not always be available on Internet sources.  If they are not used, the name of the journal is all that can be provided in the reference list.

No Date: Use n.d. (no date) when a publication date is not available.

URL: Break a URL that goes to another line after a slash or before a period.

No period after URL address is required.

No retrieval date is needed.

Online Journal

For articles accessed through databases, see the Articles tab above. Use the format below for articles found on the web, not through a database.


Last Name, First Initial(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Journal, Vol.(Issue),

       Page(s). Retrieved from URL


Frederickson, B.L. (2000, March 7). Cultivating positive emotions.   Prevention &

       Treatment, 10(2), 15-25. Retrieved from

Vol., issue, and pages may not always be available on Internet sources.  Include all

the information that you do have available.

No Author


Title of document. (Year, Month Day). Retrieved from name of organzation website: URL


Health disparities. (2004). Retrieved from Maryland Nursing

       Association website: http://www/



Web Site

Citing an entire Web site.


Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of document.

      Retrieved from http://Web address


Pew Partnership for Civic Change. (2003). Teenage pregnancy prevention.

    Retrieved from

Web Page

Citing a document, chapter or section in a Web document.


Last Name, First (Initial(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of document. Retrieved from 

       name of organization website: URL


White, K.M. (2004). Health disparities. Retrieved from Maryland Nursing

       Association website:

Online Newspaper Article


Last Name, First Initial(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper.

       Retrieved from URL


Pear, R. (2008, January 18). Growth of genetic tests. New York Times. Retrieved


Online Video


Last Name, First Initial(s). (Year,Month Day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from URL


Baker, N. (2007, February 7). March of the librarians [Video file].

Retrieved from
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